Facility sites & Use Cases

Facility Sites

IMAGINE-B5G brings together four advanced 5G experimental facilities, located in Norway, Spain, Portugal, and France. These facilities will capitalise on previous 5G-PPP infrastructure and vertical trial projects by drawing analogies while reusing and improving the platform components as much as possible. Relevant vertical stakeholders will exploit IMAGINE-B5G platform to extensively test a wide number of B5G vertical use cases within the IMAGINE-B5G facility sites. This will be possible thanks to the 3rd party ecosystem created through the Open Calls.

Telenor’s 5G Experimentation Platform includes a central site in Fornebu as well as several edge and RAN sites across Norway. The capabilities that the facility supports are as follows: (i) E2E network slicing (eMBB, URLLC, mMTC) with the option of customized network slice, (ii) E2E network orchestration and service orchestration, (iii) cloud-native infrastructure, (iv) next generation 5G RAN, (v) 5G standalone (SA) multivendor core, (vi) next generation Firewall as a service.

 

Learn more about the OC#1 projects within the Norwegian Facility here: 

The Spanish facility will comprise four sites: UPV campus and the port in Valencia, a rural site in Soria, and an experimental laboratory in Madrid. These sites are formed by different RATs and independent 5GCores with E2E network slicing. It will be evolved during the project to obtain an interconnected and distributed infrastructure. This facility implements edge cloud based on hyperscaler stack, both in ‘private’ and ‘public’ flavours to adapt to different customer needs. The goal is to provide public network support to extend coverage for large scale trials.

Learn more about the OC#1 projects within the Spanish Facility here: 

The Portuguese facility features a platform that exploits a rich set of capabilities and characteristics that go beyond the mere aggregation of equipment. The overall infrastructure features both research and commercial graded solutions and open labs to provide a real-life city-wide environment for developing, integrating, and testing novel solutions for 5G and beyond technologies. The infrastructure is geographically distributed across the city area and encompasses various indoor and outdoor 5G NR deployments supported with different 5G Core and Edge Computing solutions. Besides enabling wireless communications, the deployment incorporates connected devices (e.g., CCTV cameras, user equipment, and IoT devices) which can be leveraged for the validation of 5G technologies.

Learn more about the OC#1 projects within the Portuguese Facility here: 

EURECOM is located at the Sophia Antipolis science park within the SophiaTech Campus. Sophia Antipolis is Europe’s largest and permanently expanding science and technology park. Open5GLab at EURECOM provides experimental 5G services including eMBB, URLLC and mMTC. Based on fully open- source tools and open-architecture design, it provides the means to on-board new network functions to the running 5G infrastructure and test them in both a controlled laboratory setting and in a deployed live network. It is the main experimental playground for OAI and M5G SW packages. In addition, EURECOM will provide its open-source advanced 5G network-in-a-box, which will allow trials in locations outside the coverage area of the fixed infrastructure.

Learn more about the OC#1 projects within the French Facility here: 

Facility sites & Use Cases

Use Cases

Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR)

In the future, sensors, cameras, and other automatic devices will be a significant source of information for public safety and other professional users. Information from IoT will also become important for developing a full picture and thus providing better support – before and during incidents. Public safety organizations will have significantly more information on which to base decisions. This could help critical operations be more active, for example, moving from extinguishing fires to preventing fires in advance. The UC’s goal is to improve event identification and characterization, operation and disaster relief. To achieve this, the IMAGINE-B5 platform will leverage B5G features for reliable and efficient information collection (from UAVs and other sensors) and data processing to provide smooth real-time reporting, critical updates, and actionable
intelligence, as timing and reliability can be the difference between life-or-death disasters. Furthermore, the platform relies on the computing continuum to overcome the complex decision-making process throughout the cycle.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: F-Extension.

Safety and protection are considered as major aspects that must be integrated into the port-logistic chain connected with daily activity of maritime ports and terminals. In this domain, surveillance and inspection activities are fundamental to minimize the risks that are intrinsic to the activities carried out at berthing areas, port accesses and terminal yards. In the last years, the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in
surveillance and infrastructure inspection activities has grown rapidly, since UAV enable safer, faster and more accurate operation than traditional surveillance and inspection methods. Some potential applications of UAVs are maritime rescue support (e.g., man overboard situations), anchoring area inspection, oil spill detection, dangerous goods tracking, etc. This use case aims at enabling critical surveillance and inspection
with UAVs in maritime ports and terminals thanks to the use of 5G Rel.16 capabilities, which will allow to meet the stringent URLLC requirements related to real-time inspection and surveillance activities.
Additionally, optimal coverage will be achieved by exploiting a seamless combination of 5G private and public network services. These functionalities will be combined with traditional 5G Rel.15 broadband capabilities to transmit real-time video streams with high-definition resolutions from different inland and coastal locations.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: ADAPT-5G.

Safety and protection are considered as major aspects that must be integrated into the port-logistic chain connected with daily activity of maritime ports and terminals. In this domain, surveillance and inspection activities are fundamental to minimize the risks that are intrinsic to the activities carried out at berthing areas, port accesses and terminal yards.
The use of Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) for surveillance, bathymetry, environmental monitoring and facilities inspection is
becoming more relevant in maritime ports. The automation of many of these tasks that currently are executed manually by on-site operators
make these tasks very tedious and resources consuming. This use case (UC) aims to demonstrate that the use of 5G commercial or private
networks in the Port areas of Valencia and Sagunto has many advantages to improve the port area security.
This use case (UC) aims at enabling critical surveillance and inspection with USVs in maritime ports and terminals thanks to the use of 5G Rel.16 capabilities, which will allow to meet the stringent URLLC requirements related to real-time inspection and surveillance activities. Additionally, optimal coverage will be achieved by exploiting a seamless combination of 5G private and public network services. These functionalities will be combined with traditional 5G Rel.15 broadband capabilities to transmit real-time video streams with high-definition resolutions from different inland and coastal locations.

At present, the efficiency of command-and-control posts within Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) organisations and their operations is directly related to their scale, due to the intricate processes that necessitate interaction among numerous individuals from diverse expertise areas. Different units spread over a large disaster area needs to be able to be fast and efficient to establish a dispersed command and
control post to facilitate the operations in disaster area. The objective of this Use Case (UC) is to facilitate the segmentation and distribution of the traditional single command post model, to enhance the efficiency of the operations during disaster scenarios. Simultaneously, it also aims to mitigate any reduction in efficiency by incorporating Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) technologies to ensure adequate
interaction between humans.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project:

IMAGINE-B5G will provide an IoT platform for the management of all emergency cycles. Focused on Emergency Management, this platform manages risks for communities, the environment and infrastructure.
It is the core business of the Emergency Services, but every individual and organisation have a role to play.
In addition, this platform uses IoT sensors and telecommunications infrastructure to increase the ability to collect data and make informed decisions. This solution helps companies to be better prepared, respond more quickly, and to send vital information to those who need it.

Media

IMAGINE-B5G will develop and make trials for audio and video to be wirelessly transmitted from the capture setups to the production setup that will be finally broadcasted to the end nodes, where it is presented to the users, leveraging on B5G networks. This use case will cover the high-quality, studio or live content production and may also investigate the possibility of user generated content.
For the trials, the content will be captured wirelessly in one facility/field and the production will take place in
the same facility/field or another facility/location remotely. The trials will be coordinated and conducted in coordination with NRK, a main use case stakeholder for immersive media production and distribution in Norway. NRK is the Norway’s public owned broadcaster offering online, TV, radio, and audio content [NRK].
Live and studio broadcasting is an important part of NRK’s activity, e.g., covering sports and entertainment events.

Immersive communication technologies, such as holography, are becoming increasingly popular as they provide 3D visual information without the need for a device. Holographic technology is considered a key element in the future 5G-Advanced and 6G ecosystem, which aims to create a more interconnected, immersive, tactile, holographic Internet, providing a seamless connection between the real and digital worlds. This use case primary objective is to explore the potential of holographic technologies in pre-recorded media or real-time scenarios, it will consist in performing multiple tests and trials for different verticals to understand the value and requirements of holographic technologies. To achieve this, the IMAGINE-B5G platform will leverage beyond-5G features for high data rates for transmitting holographic content in real time, also through the IMAGINE-B5G platform will be performed numerous tests and trials to understand the specific requirements and value of holographic technologies.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: DEMOCRATS.

Transportation and Logistics

This use case depicts a scenario of autonomous driving that relies on a hybrid positioning system utilizing both GNSS and 5G terrestrial base stations to provide an improved position accuracy and FTTF. This system utilizes RTK corrections and 5G signal information to achieve better accuracy. The road vehicle moves around a transportation route where the algorithms will determine its most accurate position.
In principle, GNSS positioning can be accessed globally, anywhere on the Earth, without requiring any local or regional infrastructure and with great accuracy but have a not-so-great latency. On the other hand, 5G network-based positioning demonstrates good latency performance but requires indoors scenarios to achieve good accuracy in most of the cases. However, the latency of GNSS positioning can be improved with the assistance of 5G network-based positioning as a complementary trade-off between them, since on GNSS positioning we have a better accuracy while on 5G positioning we have a better latency, so joining them together we can have the better of both technologies.

The reparation or maintenance of machines in logistic environments is a highly expensive task, due to the necessity of sending experts to physically check the equipment. If the asset to repair is very specific, it may require experts from other countries to travel long distances, with the consequent carbon footprint. However, a minimally qualified engineer may also perform the task if he receives the proper assessment from a remote expert. By using immersive technologies such as telepresence and haptics, boosted by the capabilities of B5G networks, the remote expert would be able to provide the required instructions to the field engineer in real-time.
The field engineer will place a robot or an AGV equipped with a 360o/PTZ camera next to the damaged machine, allowing the remote expert to connect via 5G to visualize the video on a VR/AR HMD, controlling the viewing perspective via the HMD’s IMUs. Moreover, the field engineer can be equipped with other VR/AR HMD to visualize instructions from the remote expert, who shows the action to perform using haptic gloves. The
introduction of immersive communication into the workflow will be assessed and compared with traditional methods. Different slices will be available so that multi-user deployments can be enabled based on GBR (Guaranteed Bit Rate) profiles for ensuring the required minimum quality in terms of assigned bandwidth for every single UE taking place in the use case.

Industry 4.0

The aim of this use case is to empower industries with B5G technologies to facilitate the prediction of problems, increase production, flexibility, safety, mobility, scalability, reduce downtime, maintenance intervention and costs, thus improving manufacturing competitiveness. In this context, IMAGINE-B5G advanced features will be leveraged to explore novel use cases on the factory floor such as control-to-control communication, equipment tracking, close loop control for process automation, network-based AGV control, asset condition tracking for predictive maintenance, among others. Moreover, leveraging edge computing capabilities and the integration such technologies with factories’ Manufacturing Execution System (MES) and production line will enable a low latency closed control loop targeting diverse production aspects including orders, machinery status and asset location. This use case will then leverage B5G technologies to provide very low latency and advanced edge-based IoT solutions, while satisfying industry isolation requirements.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: ALMA.

Education

As information technologies are being introduced in this field, education practices and opportunities are rapidly evolving worldwide. The primary challenge that this use case will aim to address is remote/distance teaching to facilitate the participation of both teachers and students who cannot be physically present in the classroom. On the other hand, certain skills such as lab work and hands-on experiences, require extra tactile
stimulation to produce the same level of learning online as in real life and real-time. Learning such skills or visualizing abstract concepts in an interactive way can benefit from the integration of AR and VR into immersive classrooms. Further, haptic responses that are possible through tactile internet, and can reproduce the feeling, touch, or motion of interacting directly with a physical object, could introduce tactile forms of learning to a classroom through traditional video conferencing platforms, thus enriching the interactions. 5G/Β5G can help in this direction as it will improve personalization by creating intelligent systems, using Artificial Intelligence, to understand the unique needs of each student and create targeted learning pathways. To achieve a highly immersive and interactive experience between the two ends (e.g., by using VR Robotics, Figure 16), it will exploit B5G features and KPIS, mainly focusing on low latency and network reliability aspects, as well as advanced data analytics and AI algorithms to perform predictive analyses (e.g., latency) and enhance the end-to-end performance. In addition, it will explore solutions
towards improving the current means of knowledge transmission from a learning retention perspective.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project:

Smart Agriculture & Forestry

IMAGINE-B5G aims to precisely apply fertilizers and pesticides, helping to increase the performance of the cultivation and reducing the environmental impact of pesticides. The data gathered by the advanced IoT sensors will be processed in a computing continuum platform, which will optimize for the most energy efficient location for processing. The federated edge architecture will allow the coordination between the UPV
campus and the agricultural warehouses, which enables the optimization of the logistics of the transportation of the goods, improving energy efficiency at transportation. IMAGINE-B5G counts with the support of ITACYL in the AB for agriculture expert support, their experts- with deep knowledge of innovative agricultural SMEs interested in participating in the trials. They will help to showcase a real world setting of the use case.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: AGRO4+5G

Nowadays rangers perform different operations in the forest such as planning operations regarding biotope preservation, identifying trees for thinning process, or monitoring and inspecting the health of the forest.
IMAGINE B5G will leverage high capacity, low latency, and massive machine-type communications to provide higher resolution and diversity of data for forest health monitoring, and the also the potential of remote management of forest machinery. Along with passive sensors, drones and UAVs can be used to monitor and survey the forest, saving significant time and increasing worker efficiency during harvesting.
IMAGINE B5G will also explore the option of extending the coverage towards rural areas along with deploying portable 5G network solutions that could be utilized more effectively during the harvesting period or thinning process in a certain specific region. XR immersion can be used in an educational context to teach about natural forest habitats.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: AI4FS

eHealth

World Health Organisation (WHO) defined eHealth as “the cost-effective and secure use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) in support of health and health-related fields, including healthcare services, health surveillance, health literature, health education, knowledge and research” [UC5-IT-01]. So, the inclusion of ICT technologies can bring a revolution to the health system, increasing access, efficiency, and quality of care, while providing high control to the patient.
5G and beyond technologies are expected to support novel eHealth use cases, which will significantly improve the health system. This includes the usage of smart sensors to monitor the vital signs of patients while having the flexibility and mobility of wireless communications; improving hospital processes with logistics tracking; early connecting the patient to hospital personnel during emergencies; and helping in the processing of complex diagnoses.
Imagine-B5G will aim at exploring eHealth use cases in the context of enhancing the operations of care facilities to provide improved health services. The goal is twofold: on the one hand better understanding the challenges in leveraging advanced 5G features; and on the other to increase the awareness of care facilities of the potential solutions to be achievable through the adoption of 5G technologies as part of their process of digitalization.
This use case focuses on enhancing care facilities by means of advanced 5G technologies to improve the overall quality of the health system and its delivery to patients. To this end, the use case considers three different stages of the health system: (i) the proactive/continuous care; (ii) the care in emergency situations; and (iii) improved health facility logistics.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: DCA.

The demand for expert examination (such as ultrasound examination for congenital heart disease can practically come from anywhere. In some cases, such demands may come from remote locations with insufficient access to trained and experienced healthcare professionals both for performing the examination and producing correct diagnoses.
The aim of this use case is to develop and make real-world trials regarding remote care by providing immersive equipment (e.g., MR/AR/VR headsets, controllers, 3D cameras) for seamless interactions between a remote medical expert and the local doctor/technician or the patient that needs specialized treatment. On the patient’s side, there must also be medical equipment that can be remotely controlled by the expert (e.g.,
medical robot). For this use case to work, future B5G technologies will be leveraged to provide high-quality immersive media with very low latency between the remote and local sites.

This use case is being tested and validated through OC#1 project: LEOSED.